AG 7: Syntaktische Variation: Theorien und Methoden
Raum IG 454 (Erdgeschoss)
Donnerstag, 08.03.2012, 10.00 bis 10.30 Uhr
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Aspects of dialectal syntax: new questions and new methods
One of the typical properties of syntax of dialects has been claimed to be doubling, i.e. the morphosyntactic marking of (seemingly) the same grammatical category: e.g. do-insertion, doubly filled comp, etc., see Barbiers (2008). These phenomena pose a problem especially for theories that are obliged to a notion of economy in the minimalist sense.
There are two ways out: (i) either assume that the doubling phenomena are in fact not part of syntax proper, i.e. are due to the oral mode, processing effects, etc. (ii) there is no real doubling: each ‘doubling’ is the syntactic realization of a semantic concept, following Bouchard (1995).
I will pursue the second approach by discussing some doubling phenomena in Alemannic, based on recent work by Adger (2010) and Bayer & Brandner (2008). Both suggest a rather flexible approach to the realization of functional heads. The gist of the story is that the core functional heads project in a telescope-like way (unary branching), where each level represents a grammatical category from a pool of rather fine-grained conceptual distinctions. The variation, especially concerning doubling, can be captured by finding out which portions of this structure are lexicalized individually by which lexical item in a given language. Clearly, questions concerning the subset principle and the relative scope of the fine-grained distinctions arise immediately – in this sense; this part of the talk will be more programmatic in nature.
One doubling phenomenon will be discussed in more detail, namely Alemannic PPs which show doubling via a prepositional adverb both in directional and local PPs, cf. for a preliminary discussion Brandner (2008) in which the core NP is rather ‘surrounded’ by functional elements, giving rise to the question whether a simple telescoping structure is sufficient.
Adger, David (2010): Variability and Grammatical Architecture. Available on lingBuzz/001176.
Barbiers, Sjef (2008): Microvariation in syntactic doubling – an introduction. In: Barbiers, Sjef, Olaf Koeneman, Marika Lekakou & Margreet van der Ham (Hg.): Microvariation in Syntactic Doubling. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1–34.
Bayer, Josef & Ellen Brandner (2008): On wh-head-movement and the Doubly-filled Comp Filter. In: Proceedings of WCCFL 26. Somerville (Mas.): Cascadilla Press.
Brandner, Ellen (2008): Patterns of Doubling in Alemannic. In: Barbiers, Sjef, Olaf Koeneman, Marika Lekakou & Margreet van der Ham (Hg.): Microvariation in Syntactic Doubling. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 353–379.
Bouchard, Denis (1995): The semantics of syntax. Chicago. University of Chicago Press.