AG 6: Unvollständiger Erstspracherwerb: Heritage Sprecher im In- und Ausland
Raum IG 0.457 (Untergeschoss)
Mittwoch, 07.03.2012, 14.30 bis 15.30 Uhr
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Structural deficits in receptive bilinguals
This paper presents and analyzes a number of syntactic deficits found in the comprehension and production of heritage speakers ranging in proficiency from lowest level to intermediate (proficiency is assessed using such measures as speech rate and lexical knowledge). It is traditionally assumed that the structural deficits (e.g., long distance dependencies, agreement, ellipsis, binding) stem from underlying syntactic problems. I argue that these deficits are actually motivated by the heritage speakers’ poor control of morphology, which then escalates into a series of greater apparent deficits. Lack of automatic access to morphological processes often forces heritage speakers into what I call first pass parsing—the structural partition of a clause into the subject and predicate without further syntactic elaboration. First pass parsing phenomena are also found in child language and under aphasia; this paper suggests that aphasics and L1 learners also show similar morphological deficiencies as heritage speakers.